Visit Ancient Corinth, the city-state (Polis) on the Isthmus of Corinth. Isthmus was the narrow stretch of land that joined the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece, roughly halfway between Athens City and Sparta. The modern town of Corinth is located approximately 5 kilometres northeast of the Ancient Town.
Ancient Corinth is well-known from the two letters of Saint Paul in the New Testament, First Corinthians and Second Corinthians. Corinth is also mentioned in the Book of Acts as part of the Apostle Paul’s missionary travels. In addition, the second book of Pausanias’ Description of Greece is devoted to Corinth.
Corinth was one of the largest and most important Cities of Greece, with a population of 90,000 in 400 BC. The Romans demolished Corinth in 146 BC, built a new city in its place in 44 BC, and later made it the provincial capital of Greece.
The site of Corinth was occupied from at least as early as 6500 BC, as Neolithic pottery suggests. In fact it was continually occupied into the Early Bronze Age, when, the settlement acted as a center of trade. However, it appears that the area was very sparsely inhabited in the period immediately before the Mycenaean period. There was a settlement on the coast near Lechaion which traded across the Corinthian Gulf. Around 900 BC the Dorians settled there.
Furthermore, Corinth was also the site of a Bronze Age Mycenaean palace-city, like Mycenae, Tiryns, or Pylos. According to myth, Sisyphus was the founder of a race of Ancient Kings at Corinth. Moreover Jason, the leader of the Argonauts, abandoned Medea in Corinth. The Corinthians participated under the leadership of Agamemnon during the Trojan War as portrayed in the Iliad.