Poros is a small, volcanic little island of great beauty with rich vegetation. Much of the northern and far eastern/western sides of the island are bushy, whereas large areas of old pine forest are found in thesouth and center of the island. It is very close to Athens Greece, and is a popular summer resort to both Greeks and foreigners. Many Athenians have summerhouses here, which can be noticed in the weekends, since the island livens up a lot then.
Poros island’s name means narrow strait, and is separated from the Peloponnese and the picturesque town of Galatas by a 370 meters canal. It is considered to be a very romantic place, but is also a great destination for families or backpackers.
Poros island is a very green island, as the ferry approaches you can admire the Pines that cover the small hills and the beaches. The town of Poros is build on the small peninsula of Sferia mainly on the small hill overlooking the port. Towards Mikro and Megalo Neorio you will find marinas for yachts and boats.
Recent studies suggest that Poros has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. Graves on the island have been dated to the Mycenaean period, and manmade structures have existed on it since at least 1000 BCE.
God Poseidon was especially worshiped on the island that was called Kalavria during the Greek Antiquity. An ancient Myth tells that Poseidon gave as an exchange for Poros island, Delphi to God Apollo because the island firstly belonged to the God of the Sun. Several excavations show that the island was inhabited from the prehistoric times and also during the Mycenaean times.
Poros island had many foreign rulers, just like the rest of Greece, through history. Because of Hydras power in the 18th century, Poros island was quite outshone, but the island contributed to the War of Independence that started in 1821. In Poros island the first borders of Greece where confirmed in a meeting between the fist Greek Governer Kapodistrias and the ambassadors of Great Britain, France and Russia in 1828.
The fist naval base and shipyards of Greece after Greek Independence was founded in Poros as well as the first school of Naval cadets. The famous Battle Ship Averof was docked in Poros island until recent years, now the ship is docked in Faliro area.
The ruins of the Temple of Poseidon from the 6th century BC and the Monastery Zoodochos Pigis (“Life-giving Source”) are the two proper sights on Poros island. There are also many old, interesting buildings in Poros town like The Clocktower which offers a breathtaking view.